They are required in very small quantities but cannot be synthesized by the body itself, and can only be sourced from outside.. 10.2 CLASSIFICATION OF VITAMINS Based on solubility Vitamins are classified as either fat-soluble (lipid soluble) or water-soluble. %���� amzn_assoc_linkid = "df6e3e2dfb2223ece0caaeddeb1e4806"; amzn_assoc_search_bar = "true"; It has a strong antioxidant property which prevents unwanted oxidation in the body; It helps in the synthesis of proteins (prothrombin) involved in blood coagulation and bone metabolism; It acts as a coenzyme for transaminases, decarboxylases, and deaminases etc; It takes part in the formation and maturation of RBC(Red blood cells);It acts as a coenzyme; It regulates oxidation and acts as a hydrogen carrier inside the cell;It maintains the integrity of colloidal intercellular substances; It helps in the development of matrix and deposition of calcium and phosphorous in the bones; It is a component of rhodopsin(eye), essential for night vision; It maintains the health and activity epithelial tissue as and glands; It maintains the integrity of nerves tissue and epithelial tissue; It helps reproduction and embryonic development; It helps in the bone formation by direct action on the bone cell; It helps the absorption of calcium and phosphorous from intestine; It helps in proper mineralization of bones; Mal-development of teeth various bony deformities; It participates in cellular electron transport system; It is essential for embryonic development; It is required for normal functions of muscles; It helps in the formation of the cell membrane; Atrophy of germinal epithelial of genital organs; It acts as a coenzyme in carbohydrate metabolism; It helps in the oxidation of sugar in the tissue and brain; It is concerned in the neuromuscular transmission of impulse; It plays an important role in heart, nerve and muscle function; It helps in the maintenance of epithelial and mucosal integrity; It acts as cofactors which are essential for flavoprotein enzyme reactions; Angular stomatitis (oral fissures at corners of the mouth); It is a prosthetic group in the coenzyme A; It helps in amino acid and fatty acid metabolism; It helps in the breakdown of fats and carbohydrates to produce energy; It helps in some unsaturated fatty acids amino acids metabolism; It helps in the synthesis of fat from proteins and carbohydrates; It helps to create RBC (red blood cells); It helps to releases sugar from stored carbohydrate to get energy; Convulsion and hyperirritability in infants etc; Enteritis or inflammation of the intestine; It helps in the synthesis of DNA in the nucleus of the cell; It helps to prevent abnormal brain growth; It helps against anemia, indigestion and skin disorder; It is essential for proper cell division; It reduces symptoms and side effects of anemia; It helps to prevent liver disorder, kidney disorder, and mouth ulcers; It has a role in nucleoprotein metabolism; It plays an important role in wound repair; It controls the metabolism of tyrosine and phenylalanine; It is the powerful and essential antioxidant in the body; Best Aquarium Stands: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Best Anatomical Skeletons: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Best Aquarium Sump Pump: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Best Lab Coats: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Best Filter for Turtle Tank: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Best Nano Reef Tank: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Enterobius vermicularis: Morphology, Life Cycle and Pathogenesis, Ancyclostoma duodenele: Morphology, Life Cycle and Pathogenesis, Neuron: Definition, Classification, Structure and Functions, Sinusitis : Causes, Symptoms and Treatments. Vitamins differ from each other in physiological function, chemical structure, and distribution foods. Back ; Search for: SHORT NOTES ON VITAMINS. Water-Soluble Vitamins Vitamins are required for growth in children, formation of hormones, blood cells, tissues and bones. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; Plants synthesize all vitamins they require and therefore vegetables and fruits are rich sources of vitamins. Vitamins fit into one of two categories: water-soluble or fat-soluble. Classification of Vitamins. Vitamin C and some Vitamins B are soluble in water and can be destroyed under heat, and thus we should avoid (1) washing them too much (2) cooked them too long time: Vitamin Function Food sources Symptom of deficiency Symptom of excess. amzn_assoc_default_browse_node = "672123011"; amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0"; It is also known as Riboflavin, is a yellowish crystalline solid substance and soluble in water. 14 … This is a diverse form of vitamin and further divided into B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, and B12. amzn_assoc_default_browse_node = "13900871"; amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0"; vitamin deﬁciency diseases were common in developed and developing countries. Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat-soluble Vitamin C and B is water soluble. Your body doesn’t produce these vitamins and minerals on its own, and while you can get most of these from a supplement, your body reacts better when these vitamins and minerals come from food. The size of the group corresponds to the number of recommended servings. Vitamin K is found in asparagus, safflower oil, green leafy vegetables, egg yolks and liver . Ascorbic acid may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. soluble vitamins. It is water soluble, an essential vitamin which plays an important role in maintaining a healthy metabolism of fatty acids, glucose, and amino acids. Vitamin E Sources: Fish such as sardines, Egg, egg yolk, milk, butter, Seeds and nuts, Papaya and mango, Wheat germ, wheat germ oil, sunflower oil, spinach, lettuce, broccoli, alfa-alfa, asparagus, turnip greens etc. What is a vitamin? Daily Requirement of Vitamin A: 5000 IU in adult and 6000-8000 IU in children; It is also known as Calciferols. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Plasma vitamin C levels are lower in HD patients and are subject to increased oxidation rates during dialysis ses- For example: Vitamin D in milk helps our bones. They are classified based on how they dissolve in your body. endobj 4 0 obj Vitamin A Maintains eye health Promotes growth and development, maintains healthy bones and teeth B1 Enhances the protection and regeneration of cells … Two types and they are not possible to be absorbed in fat but insoluble in water reddish. 1.1 -1.3 mg a very essential element which is needed for red blood cells, and... Are natural components of foods ; usually present in very small amounts for normal... C Deficiency metabolite coenzymes till your body fat till your body desires them the said recommendation is hereby adopted and! Are: according to the property of solubility, vitamins are generally classified water-soluble! If you take too much so, a, D, E and K fat-soluble! 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