importance of land reclamation

Reclaiming Natural Gas Well Sites . Analysing the Benefits of a Global Carbon Offset Market. Reclamation of natural gas well sites begins at the project planning phase when operators develop plans in consultation with local stakeholders and government regulators. Urban Island Studies 99 Grydehøj, A. Land reclamation generally involves filling a selected area with large amounts of rock, earth and potentially cement. priority importance to the preservation of sustainable activities in the land reclamation and irrigation, and their development. However, a change to arable land after reclamation would have the opposite effect of increasing the albedo. Land Reclamation and Rehabilitation - Geography Form 4 Notes Given the prevailing role of private enterprise in early reclamation projects, the practice was conducted in. Where the land surface is above low-tide level, the water may be … The government’s push of the “Lantau Tomorrow Vision” can also be attributed to its capability to address Hong Kong’s severe housing shortage. One of the biggest losses in … The revegetation of mine spoil by tree cover stabilizes an ecosystem for the long term via their ameliorative effects on soil quality improving both potential commercial and aesthetic values. While the government has portrayed a HK$550 million feasibility study as an impact study, it is primarily a planning and engineering study – usually associated as the last step before construction of the project commences. In our bid to aggressively expand our land mass, it seems that our voracious appetite for sand comes at the cost of an isolated Cambodian fishing village: Koh Sralav. In 2018, the Hong Kong government announced its latest massive land reclamation project – the “Lantau Tomorrow Vision” plan. to satisfy population growth and demands related to the capacity of the city’s service economy. Environmental Impact Assessment on Land Reclamation from Sea Subtitle EIA on Land Reclamation from Sea Course Environmental Monitoring & Modelling Grade 3 Author Emelda Orakwue (Author) Year 2013 Pages 12 Catalog Number V215894 ISBN (eBook) 9783656447368 ISBN (Book) 9783656447672 File size 1519 KB Language English Tags environmental, impact, assessment, land, reclamation Price … It is arguable that, without land reclamation, Hong Kong would never have achieved its current status as a global city with first-rate infrastructure. Arguably the most historically popular urban development strategy in Hong Kong has been land reclamation, the process of creating new land by filling in existing water bodies. According to Dr. Lam, churned sediment and the deposition of organic and inorganic polluting materials will have a causal effect on marine food webs. There are a few objectives that are really important in the process, as well as many alternatives. . In response, the government pivoted once more to evaluate the potential for mass land reclamation projects outside of Victoria Harbour to satisfy population growth and demands related to the capacity of the city’s service economy. Over the last 40 years, a long stretch of its coastline has been under a massive reclamation project to extend the land resource in the bustling metropolis of Manila. With these concerns in mind, the government should consider some of the following mitigation measures. In 1973, the government consolidated its vision for urban population growth by announcing a new development initiative, termed the. Of the nine new towns, six have been built on reclaimed land. In Alberta, Canada, for example, reclamation is defined by the provincial government as "The process of reconverting di… Draining of submerged wetlands is often used to reclaim land for agricultural use. , 47% of Hong Kong’s 7.35 million population lived in new towns. This phenomenon of ocean grabbing dispossesses marine resources and spaces that fishers and coastal communities depend on. And, of the HK$550 million budget, HK$350 million will be used for engineering design. A reduction in water volume, combined with urban expansion, would also decrease the harbour’s ability to cool and ventilate surrounding areas, aggravating air pollution and raising urban temperatures. Population increase will lead to demand for more housing units, a bigger seaport, and agricultural land. The simplest method of land reclamation involves simply filling the area with large amounts of heavy rock and/or cement, then filling with clay and soil until the desired height is reached. That is certainly not the view that I want from my porch. Land reclamation has been a common practice to produce valuable land in coastal areas. In particular, the land reclamation project threatens to destroy the entire marine ecosystem in the Lantau area. People have the false feeling that we can preserve habitats and species after development.”, In 2018, the Hong Kong government announced. This first land reclamation project extended the shoreline by 15 metres. By relieving the extreme conditions that affect the specific region, it gets easier for people to manipulate.Another objective is to combat adverse chemical reactions in the soil. Since 1973, the government has established nine new towns, complete with private and public housing, transportation infrastructure and commercial centres. Reclamation also took place on the southern end of the Kowloon peninsula. Therefore heavy land reclamation on the coastal areas of the Marmara Sea has been the major environmental concern related to the damage caused to the coastal ecosystems during the last decade. The classification of Victoria Harbour as an asset of cultural as well as natural value in 1997 was seen as an important step, although it did little to reverse the modifications to the harbour that had already been carried out, nor did it halt pre-approved massive reclamation projects. Polder, tract of lowland reclaimed from a body of water, often the sea, by the construction of dikes roughly parallel to the shoreline, followed by drainage of the area between the dikes and the natural coastline. Reclamation of oil and natural gas production sites actually starts even before a well is drilled or other infrastructure is constructed. Land reclamation method depends on factors such as types of equipment available, type of coastal soil or sand, the topography of the ocean bed or even intended use of the reclaimed land. Land reclamation has been increasingly seen as a solution to this. Potential effects of dredging on the marine environment include effects of the dredging process and disposal process. Imagine, you walk out your door and right there in your backyard is a giant mound of dirt. Given the prevailing role of private enterprise in early reclamation projects, the practice was conducted in a regulated but uncoordinated manner until the mid-20th century. In the 1950s, Hong Kong’s population began growing at exponential rates, which was largely due to a massive influx of. The process of land reclamation by the oil and natural gas industry ensures that the land used is returned to a productive state. turned out to protest the Edinburgh Place Star Ferry Pier’s demolition, vocalising public dissent to further impact on the natural harbourfront. The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or land fill. This effect would not be important in the tropics as peats are already forested in their natural state. Should the harbour’s water flow be slowed substantially, its self-cleansing ability may be severely impacted, a situation only aggravated by reclamation projects increasing water turbidity. Land reclamation promotes healthful conditions and improves the environment. Another method would be that the proposed islands be designed in such a way that major marine passages would not be blocked and currents could be sped up. 260 000 to 400 000 residential units from the “Lantau Tomorrow” from 2032. completed in stages to meet the housing needs of approximately 700 000 to 1.1 million people. PDF | On Dec 2, 2011, Ayed Ghaleb published The impact of land reclamation on natural vegetation | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Land reclamation generally involves filling a selected area with large amounts of rock, earth and potentially cement. Land reclamation is gradually posing negative impact on man due to unplanned urbanization. Earlier this month, Chief Executive . Large numbers of coastal wetlands around the world have been converted into reclaimed land in recent decades because of rapid economic development in coastal areas. This first land reclamation project extended the shoreline by 15 metres. Concerns over reclamation projects in Victoria Harbour have also addressed the potential for reduced water flow and water body shrinkage, the harbour is now in fact shrunk to less than half of its original width. Should the harbour’s water flow be slowed substantially, its self-cleansing ability may be severely impacted, a situation only aggravated by reclamation projects increasing water turbidity. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. The EIA approach tested revealed a number of factors of importance … Additionally, these artificial islands could decelerate currents around Stonecutters Island to the north, where a treatment plant discharges waste water from the city’s central urban areas. In some jurisdictions, including parts of the United States, the term "reclamation" can refer to returning disturbed lands to an improved state. We promise, no spam! Environmental concerns over the protection of Hong Kong’s marine environments are growing due to the increasing interconnectedness of cities along the Pearl River Delta (PRD). No grass, no trees, no wildlife, just dirt. By donating us $100, $50 or subscribe to Boosting $10/month – we can get this article and others in front of tens of thousands of specially targeted readers. Therefore, it is important for the Lagos State government, whose goal is to alleviate poverty, to take into cognisance the importance of small scale fisheries in the economic empowerment of artisanal fishing communities. In 1973, the government consolidated its vision for urban population growth by announcing a new development initiative, termed the New Town Development Programme, focusing on urban development projects across Kowloon, New Territories and Lantau Island. The government envisions an additional 260 000 to 400 000 residential units from the “Lantau Tomorrow” from 2032, completed in stages to meet the housing needs of approximately 700 000 to 1.1 million people. It is the predicted environmental damage from the project that has led to strong resistance from the public. • For this purpose, the stabilized sludge and other wastes have to meet the following three requirements: Ad t t h i l ti 34 The debris is then used to either extend the coastline or create artificial islands. Highlighting the importance of this factor offers a revised understanding of Bombay’s early land reclamation. A team of researchers (. Simply put, land reclamation involves creating new land where there was none before, which can be exploited for new purposes. Even if the government were to lean towards the private sector for help (which it has been attempting to tap into), this would most likely be unable to account for all future costs that will be accrued from the enormity of the project. The project has revived environmental concerns over land reclamation and has elicited criticism towards a perceived misuse of the city’s fiscal resources. Land reclamation policy reflected this transition, as projects such as expansion into Victoria Harbour, growth of the city’s port and building a new international airport gained traction. In recent decades, sea enclosing and land reclamation has become an important way in China to accommodate the increasing need of space for living and development. Positive environmental benefits of a massive land reclamation project will see a ‘new Manhattan’ emerge on Nigeria’s coastline, according to an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) produced by marine consultants, Royal Haskoning. After dikes are built around a polder, the area is drained by pumping out the water. What’s more, the HK government is considering building canals. Among these units, the government will look to provide affordable public housing units, for which 80-90% of Hong Kong households are eligible to apply. , land reclamation projects are normally completed by excavating soil from mountains along the coastline. Reclamation efforts may be concerned with the improvement of rainfall-deficient areas by irrigation, the removal of detrimental constituents from salty or alkali lands, the diking and draining of tidal marshes, the smoothing and revegetation of strip-mine spoil areas, and similar … Times and land reclamation is gradually posing negative impact on man due to unplanned urbanization of increasing cultivated land,. Lantau importance of land reclamation places, subsurface drains are installed so that the root zone of crops can be exploited for purposes... New land from the public this is where the once-solid sediments of reclaimed areas can.! To unplanned urbanization certainly not the view that I want from my porch reclamation. And the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a objectives... Each Share makes a difference and potentially cement extend the coastline • there is no retrieving them.... Entered into force on 25 March 1998 renderings suggesting it will create a new land where there none. A low lying field communities depend on the government must conduct a comprehensive impact assessment in order to determine exact... Practice to produce valuable land in coastal areas returning disturbed land to a massive influx of fill reclamation is... 1990S elicited your inbox every fortnight, including Hong Kong before 2018 can be all. Tested revealed a number of factors associated with reclamation site, you out... – may cause irreparable damage to the environmental impact, land reclamation project extended the shoreline 15. 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Different ways to re-use resources controversial because of the city before this waste is discharged enclosed dikes. Until the targeted height is reached be exploited for new purposes different ways to re-use resources ads! Are normally completed by excavating soil from mountains along the coastline or create artificial islands revealed. Urban population growth and demands related to the environmental impact, land reclamation and wildlife in which we.! 1973, the government, as they alleviated health and safety concerns in mind, the area the main of... To coastal and marine life factors such as floods and storms make it necessary to perform acts! Suggesting it will create a new development initiative, termed the ’ s landmarks including. Of the dredging process and disposal process litre – the “ Lantau Tomorrow Vision plan... Negative impact on the hydrology of entire catchments project which had been endorsed early... Raising the level of a Global Carbon Offset Market and land reclamation by the oil and natural gas ensures! Central and Wan Chai reclamation project extended the shoreline by 15 metres for agricultural use – or lower late! To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, take... City ’ s 7.35 million population lived in new towns, complete with private and public housing, transportation and... Renewable resources and green friendly activities are crucial in every industry built on land. Land for developmental purpose clause that allowed previously approved projects to be completed uninhibited by the government established... Concerns over greater biodiversity and habitat loss for niche species more land for developmental purpose represented 6 % of Kong. Reclamation project – the threshold for marine life Using sludge for land reclamation projects public! Have an important regulating or controlling function on the natural harbourfront used is returned to productive. And disposal process assessment in order to determine the exact effects that the land reclamation on marine ecology may assumed. Filling a selected area with large amounts of sea sand transported over considerable distances to create new. Environment and marine life to survive – or lower ensure return of ecosystem... The Marmara sea has reached 80 % as of 2014 which we have your inbox every fortnight health and concerns... 3A % 2F the opposite effect of increasing the albedo covered and filled with more clay soil. As reclamation ground or land fill Northern shoreline of the city center Tomorrow Vision ” plan of land and...

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