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It is also noteworthy that Fowler’s Toad, a major food source for the Eastern Hog-nosed Snake, was extirpated from Point Pelee about the time DDT spraying began in the park (Russell and Haffner 1997). Unpublished report to Big Creek National Wildlife Area. Local landowners surrounding the park have also stated that they have killed this species in the past (Gillingwater pers. Eastern hognose snakes mate in April and May. The Ontario Endangered Species Act and Canadian Federal Species At Risk Act both list these snakes as threatened. Sporadic surveys for Eastern Hog-nosed Snakes have been undertaken at the St. Williams Crown Forest from 1997 to 2004 (Gillingwater pers. Conservation of peripheral populations is important to maintain evolutionary potential (Lesica and Allendorf 1995). Eastern Hog-nosed Snake adults are very mobile, with home ranges greater than 100 ha and daily movements of approximately 100 m (Cunnington 2004a). The Eastern Hog-nosed Snake is a heavy-bodied snake with a distinctive upturned scale on its snout. [ßpSHŒØXK¬©!çì"]L" Basic description. 17 pages. The landowner was successfully prosecuted under the FWCA. The Eastern Hognose was listed as least concern on the IUCN list in 2007. Journal of Herpetology 30 (1):80-82. and Gibbons, J.W. Hognose snakes are a species-at-risk in Canada with a designation of Threatened. Available http://www.natureserve.org/explorer (Accessed: December 10, 2007). Natural history of the hognose snakes Heterodon platyrhinos and Heterodon nasicus. The Eastern Hog-nosed snake is recognized as a threatened species in Ontario and has a limited range in Southern Ontario. 94 pages plus appendices. The Eastern Hog-nosed Snake is widespread in eastern North America. They are known to make excellent pets as they seldom bites. In comparison, Western hognose snakes have much longer lifespans and can live as long as 20 years in captivity. Predators. Threats to the Eastern Hog-nosed Snake, listed in order of perceived importance, are: habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation, roads, persecution, collecting and contaminants. Gillingwater, S.D. Eastern hognose snakes are harmless species of colubrid family found extensively in North America. Firstly, we can create habitat/not destroy their habitat. Plummer, M.V. Given the fact that Eastern Hog-nosed Snakes are known predators of Fowler’s Toads, a Threatened species, any action which leads to an increase in snake populations may lead to increased toad predation. The Wasaga Beach Eastern Hog-nosed Snake Research Program has undertaken a school education program since 2000. These snakes are easily distinguished by their upturned snouts, but they are variable in color. Habitat for the species in provincial parks is subject to regulations under the Ontario’s Provincial Parks and Conservation Reserves Act. Austen. Comments: This is one wild snake! En3-4/63-2009E-PDF. This species feeds on small mammals and birds. 2004). A number of issues must be resolved to better implement recovery activities: Recovery of the Eastern Hog-nosed Snake is considered feasible for the following reasons: The goal of this recovery strategy is the long-term persistence of key Eastern Hog-nosed Snake populations throughout the existing range in Canada. Females in the northern part of their range lay an average of 25 eggs, with larger females laying more eggs (Platt 1969). Since that time, staff at GBINP have implanted 15 unique tags and had 13 of these recaptured. Eastern Hognose Snake research program – Provincial species at risk year-end report 2003. Unpublished report to Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. habitat protection and landscape restoration). SARA defines residence as: “a dwelling-place, such as a den, nest or other similar area or place, that is occupied or habitually occupied by one or more individuals during all or part of their life cycles, including breeding, rearing, staging, wintering, feeding or hibernating” [SARA S2(1)]. Whether it’s their size, thick bodies, forked tongues, hissing vocalizations, or, probably the kicker for most – their defensive trait of flattening their necks on the either side of their heads so they resemble cobras, then pretending to strike – it’s clear they ain’t no cute little garter snake. The species has a large distribution in southern Ontario and is widely distributed throughout the eastern and mid-United States. Eastern hognose snakes, Heterondon platirhinos, are native to the Nearctic region (North America).Their range extends along the east coast and into the central United States. _º‘"Œõ'³¤ez†Æ1A×xËäµ;8IÖܧ&Žœh€›ý±3–{NªPÂé }3|½qaÀ͵ŽX9 Personal communication with D. Seburn, November 2004. persistence and retain and expand, where possible, the current range of occupancy and connectivity of extant populations. 2000. Review of ecological effects of roads on terrestrial and aquatic communities. Colour and pattern are highly variable. The Eastern Hog-nosed Snake has been extirpated from the Regional Municipalities of Halton, Peel, and York and possibly from Bruce, and Prince Edward counties. Modelling habitat use by eastern hog-nosed snakes (Heterodon platirhinos) in Wasaga Beach Provincial Park, Ontario. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. A recovery strategy is a planning document that identifies what needs to be done to arrest or reverse the decline of a species. However, there has been increased concern for their population, especially in the Northeastern range of their habitat. that conditions established by the Ministry be met. Threats faced by the Eastern Hog-nosed Snake include: habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation, roads, persecution, collecting and contaminants. The Canadian population is limited to Ontario where it can be found in two areas: The Habitat can also be protected under the provincial Aggregates Resources Act and the Crown Forest Sustainability Act. Wasaga Beach 2002 Building Activity Highest Yet. In addition, road construction can destroy, degrade and fragment Eastern Hog-nosed Snake habitat and allow development to occur in previously roadless areas, which increases the likelihood of negative human-snake interactions. Ecological Land Classification system), Develop and implement a standard population monitoring protocol, Surveys in conjunction with other appropriate SAR to determine continuing presence of HOSN, Develop standardized data sheet/spreadsheet for recording data, Continue and expand reporting of observations within protected areas, Survey of dealers and stores to determine supply of and demand for HOSN, Intensive demographic studies at a few selected sites across the range to determine habitat use, home range and population density, Use basic life history data to estimate the effect of differing population sizes on probability of population survival, Determine which protected areas are large enough to adequately protect populations, DNA samples should be collected from all snakes handled in any research program, Profiling of populations once sufficient sample sizes are available, Identification of population markers to aid in identifying origin of poached snakes, Toxicological study of selected HOSN populations carried out in association with other research, Research project to determine dependence upon toad populations and food preference of juveniles, Prioritize private sites for urgency and conservation importance, Determine ideal protection strategy for each site, Identify key areas where land purchase is essential for survival of HOSN, Develop guidelines and a spatially explicit model to identify habitat essential to long-term survival of HOSN, Assess specific threats facing major populations across range, Develop and apply provincial habitat mapping guidelines for the purposes of the Provincial Policy Statement. Observations on trailing and mating behaviors in hognose snakes (Heterodon platirhinos). It is also found in southern Canada. Comparative physiological ecology of Eastern and Western Hognose Snakes (Heterodon platyrhinos and H. nasicus). Additional research is required on habitat use in different areas of Ontario. Three to four years is allowed for those species that were automatically listed when SARA came into force. McKay, V. 2004. The video is used during programs at the park and is also available on the Internet (www.wasagabeachpark.com). Although the current distribution of the Eastern Hog-nosed Snake in Ontario is not completely known, it is clear that this species has declined in range. 2001. Eastern hog-nosed snakes hibernate underground below the frost line, often in burrows that they excavate in sandy soil. Personal communication with D. Seburn, September 2004. Biotic and abiotic variables that alter ground surface temperature and habitat quality for eastern hog-nosed snakes (Heterodon platirhinos). Stein, B.A., L.S. Its body is yellow to light brown with large, dark brown blotches down the back and two alternating rows of smaller blotches along the sides. A landowner survey and educational program on large snakes (Eastern Foxsnake, Eastern Hog-nosed Snake and Eastern Ratsnake) was undertaken by the Norfolk Field Naturalists in the Long Point area in 1992 and 1993. Eastern hognose snakes hibernate by themselves in either burrows made by themselves or abandoned mammal burrows. Eastern Hog-nosed Snakes are docile animals that bluff and feign death to discourage potential predation against them. In Canada, the Eastern Hog-nosed Snake is only found in the province of Ontario. NatureServe. Element occurrence data cleanup for all NHIC records of Eastern Hog-nosed Snake completed in 2006. Cambridge University Press. Although the Eastern Hog-nosed Snake cannot be legally sold in Ontario, individuals have been seen for sale in pet stores (Gillingwater pers. ISBN 978-1-100-12210-6 Catalogue no. Roads are a widespread and significant ecological threat (Trombulak and Frissell 2000). It is likely that sufficient habitat remains available for recovery, particularly in central Ontario. 2006. All responsible jurisdictions reviewed and acknowledged receipt of the strategy. Unpublished report for Parks Canada. Do highways influence snake movement? 2000. Herman, and P.F.J. The Eastern Hog-nosed Snake is absent from the St. Lawrence drainage (eastern Ontario and most of New York state). The Eastern Hog-nosed Snake reaches its northern limit in Ontario, hence climate is a limiting factor for this species. Habitat. 2000. Success in the recovery of this species depends on the commitment and cooperation of many different constituencies that will be involved in implementing the actions identified in this strategy. 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