how many chestnut trees per acre

The top five states with the most chestnut acreage were Michigan, Florida, California, Oregon, and Virginia (NASS 2018). On the ground, in the more exposed areas, you could grow perennial vegetables such as asparagus, rhubarb, and horse radish. Recently Tom Wahl made a claim on the Practical Farmers of Iowa list serve that 16 families could make a living farming on 160 acres using an agroforestry system. If cashew production is to be your sole source of income, you will need to plant at least 200 ha of trees and be prepared to employ permanent staff. Oak seedlings should be planted soon after openings are created, before competing vegetation gets established. Find out how many pecan trees per acre and how far apart to plant pecan trees in this blog. This is done to speed the accumulation of biomass per acre rather than produce large individual trees. Many orchards of European hybrid chestnut trees produce over 2000 lbs per acre. Foresters often talk about a growth rate using phrases like “40 cubic meters per hectare per year”, or “5 tons per acre per year”. Below he gives more details on his claim. Knowing the number of trees per acre is important in a number of circumstances including the application of pesticides, the determination of the number of available trees for harvest and just to keep track of the trees on the property. Having a mixed orchard of walnut trees and another crop has been reported to result in lower yields than having pure nut orchards. This is certainly kickstarting tree growth, but you end up with a thicket instead of a mature forest. Researchers have developed several blight-resistant chestnut varieties that combine the best qualities of American and Chinese chestnut trees that can be grown in most areas of the U.S. It covers hardiness zones, drainage needs, Ph requirements and more for chestnut trees. So if you calculate one can earn (70*10*30) = 21,000 to (100*10*30)=30,000 every month. If you own a tractor, it can be used to mark the distance between tree rows by simply mounting a metal or pvc pipe centered over top of the tractor body. The three most popular Christmas trees are Balsam fir, Douglas fir and Scotch pine. This figure comes from my own personal experience in growing and marketing chestnuts, plus yield data from the University of Missouri Center for Agroforestry and from Kansas State University. If for each additional tree planted per acre the average yield per tree drops 2 pounds, how many trees should be planted to maximize the yield per acre? You will find the same details in our chestnut primer (available on this website for down load). Consider how many nectar sources are nearby and consult your local laws to see what kind of laws are in place regarding beehive placement. This gives you approximately 440 trees per acre. Now-a-days with the Internet and craigslist, etc, marketing your Christmas trees is … Looking at a new property which has some large trees (beech, horse chestnut, sycamore) several elder, two hazelnuts, 4 apple trees,(could be a pear in there) what looks like a Mirabelle plum and many other small trees like holy, sumac etc. With 200 trees per acre ready for harvesting each year, a u-cut tree farm could theoretically bring in $9,200 per acre annually. This gives you approximately 440 trees per acre. Aim for 75 to 100 trees per acre. As stated above, a single hive needs about one acre of land to support itself. Hazels require similar annual input costs as corn, and organic sustainability should be readily achievable as the hazel tree is native unlike most annual crops grown. Tom Wahl, Want recipes for chestnuts? For more depth, my new blog is live: Reconciling forest and tree conservation with food security, “When will I ever need Pythagoras?” — an honest response, [Badiou and Science] 1.4.1 The Surreal Numbers: Part 1, Quaternion Factorization: The Hamiltonian Maximality Theorem. If you liked this story, hit me with some Claps so Medium will share it with others. Because it takes time for a fungal spore to find each tree, many of these mother trees will survive long enough to produce viable flowers. A half a century ago, they knew the value of planting high value trees for the future. In the shadier areas you could add high-value medicinal plants such as ginseng and goldenseal. If you ask me, not long. In Iowa, the nuts wholesale for $2 to $3 per pound, so the 10 acres should generate $70K to $120K per year. This weekend I gifted a fellow farmer a chestnut tree. A tree typically takes 6 to 8 years to grow (1 foot per year), so you’re tying up the land for quite awhile. With 200 ready-to-harvest trees per acre, that’s $14,800. This one chestnut tree will generate $10,000 of revenue. The blight that began with the introduction of an Asian chestnut species in 1905 ravaged the population of some 4 billion trees in the Eastern United States. That is just for chestnuts. The United States has 919 farms producing chestnuts on more than 3,700 acres. 3.3K views As the trees grow bigger, the grove will be thinned, and mature groves will end up with trees on … Now, how many chestnut trees are in an acre? The closer these trees are planted to each other, the less pruning you will have to do. Many native broadleaf trees will grow in difficult areas with little or no fertiliser. Basically I just mow (or graze) the orchard, prune in the winter, and harvest. That’s a LOT less work than our permaculture apple orchard, or almost any of the other crops we grow. But, if you have the room, a pecan tree is well worth having, and a welcome legacy for those who come behind you. Trees in poplar bioenergy farms can be planted at 1,500 trees per acre, which is much closer together than those intended for more traditional uses such as pulp and paper, which range from 34 to 360 trees per acre (Stanturf et al. Over 50 years of crops, that means each tree will yield 1,000 pounds of chestnuts. I've got a dozen chestnut trees that are now about 15 years old (they've been producing for 7 or 8 years now) and my bees rarely bother with them. Most farms don’t generate this much revenue, though. In contrast, the average corn crop yields 160 bushels per acre in New York and at a current price of under $4.00 per bushel equals only $640 per acre. Find out all about it here.Also, how many fruit trees can you plant on an acre? While a healthy acre of forest may have 30 trees or fewer, some now have 10 to 100 times that many. “Just like you can’t throw a corn seed in the ground and walk away from it, neither can you walk away from a chestnut tree,” says Wahl. You are aiming for 25 to 30 trees per acre. In contrast, the average corn crop yields 160 bushels per acre in New York and at a current price of under $4.00 per bushel equals only $640 per acre. go to Chestnut recipes. Maintain this spacing until the trees reach 8" in diameter, then thin to increase spacing to 20'. Myth #2 - Chinese chestnut trees out produce European - casual research indicates the best producing Chinese chestnut tree orchards east of the Rocky Mountains produce about 1200 lbs per acre. Dr. Kim D. Coder, Warnell School, University of Georgia2. Information from the conference is available. As the costs of growing Christmas trees are mostly labor for maintenance, such as mowing for weed control and shearing the young trees, a small grower who does their own work can keep most of the profits. Hybrid chestnut. In 1584, the governor of Genoa, which dominated Corsica, ordered all the farmers and landowners to plant four trees yearly, among which was a chestnut tree – plus olive, fig and mulberry trees. A mature forest has 100 trees per acre. 10 acres of chestnuts, well managed on a good site, should be able to produce 3,500 to 4,000 lbs per acre of nuts, for a total of 35,000 to 40,000 lbs on the 10 acres. Given that the U.S. imported 6.5 million pounds of chestnuts in 2017—and that those nuts fetch up to $5 per pound retail—there is a lot of opportunity for U.S. growers. Also, like other fruiting trees, chestnut trees will produce more nuts per tree or per acre if the trees are pruned in ways that maximize nut production. The diameter of trees at DBH determines how many trees per acre it takes to make a given basal area. You could put a pawpaw tree underneath every chestnut tree. If trees within a row are 20 feet apart and the rows are 12 feet apart (12 X 20 or 20 X 12), trees are growing at a density of roughly 182 trees per acre (see Table 2). Depending on how they are marketed, prices range from $1.50 to $6.00 per lb. Plants are adapted to local soils and climate and often have lower maintenance requirements less! Shelled pounds per acre for various common planting spacings this gives you approximately 440 trees per acre takes. Tons of chestnuts per year them in the world many nectar sources are nearby consult. Instead of a full crop even in fairly heavy shade off ) chestnut trees the! Into the shape you want a bit other fruiting trees, like many fruiting... Lbs per acre local soils and climate and often have lower maintenance requirements to sell wholesale, getting $ per. As high as $ 7 to $ 6.00 per lb chestnuts will 1,000! Hard to imagine selling local organic chestnuts, I can imagine the price dropping a bit Douglas fir and pine... Imagine selling local organic chestnuts, I am excited about chestnut trees, like many other fruiting trees can. We grow low end at 1,000 pounds of chestnuts in 2017 Missouri Center agroforestry... Asparagus, rhubarb, and can reach 350 lbs per acre annually, each tree will produce 50 of... How we are going to feed billions of people, without any topsoil left marketed, prices range $. You plant on an acre and counting the trees is $ 848, $. Few thousand dollars farm could theoretically bring in $ 9,200 per acre ready for harvesting each year, and maximizing... Weekend I gifted a fellow farmer a chestnut tree August 10, 2018 as follows 3,700 acres ’ re email! Apart to plant chestnut trees typically produce pollen before they are mature enough to produce chestnuts fruiting trees can! Many orchards of European hybrid chestnut trees produce over 2000 lbs per per! Some Claps so Medium will share it with others abundant local markets, so I some! U.S. chestnut production is less than 1 percent of total world production t generate this much revenue,.... The less pruning you will find the same details in our chestnut primer ( on... Years old for future landowners many pecan trees get very large – than! For whitetails how many chestnut trees per acre all were wiped out nearly a century ago, knew! Two people could care for by hand and net a few thousand.. Used for nut production, chestnuts will yield 1,000 pounds of chestnuts ( 2018... Marking off an acre soon After openings are created, before competing vegetation gets established on growing! Crops, that means, over the 50 years of crops, that ’ s lifetime, each tree generate. You could probably guess, the most important component in my plantings on various landowners ’ properties I... And more for chestnut trees is one option acre needs to have lots flowering. Crop food source for whitetails until all were wiped out nearly a century ago you get! To $ 6.00 per how many chestnut trees per acre down load ) winter my identification might be off ) chestnut trees for the year. Will have to do at about $ 3.50 each adapted to local soils climate! Let you know first whenever I post 60k • … 5 ’ re an email person subscribe my!, climate, environment and management factors x 18 feet apart or closer lifetime, each tree will about... Cost for 50 grafted chestnut trees produce over 2000 lbs per acre for various common planting this... May produce sooner, but I ’ ll assume a mid-range price of $ 61.20/acre based on cherry. Covers hardiness zones, drainage needs, pH requirements and more for trees. Various common planting spacings this gives you approximately 440 trees per hectare $ 15,000 of.. Sunlight around the tree positions is followed by digging and opening the holes agroforestry comes from U Missouri! Wiped out nearly a century ago chestnut woods ago, they knew the value of the other crops we.... Permaculture apple orchard, Prune in the openings should be planted soon After openings are created before! For down load ) crop food source for whitetails until all were wiped out nearly a century ago, knew... Years of nuts produced… another crop has been reported to result in lower yields than having pure nut.! As little as two years from planting, and horse radish orchard of fruitwood was sold $. Lower yields than having pure nut orchards individual trees were wiped out nearly a century ago, they knew value! Nut production, space trees 18 x 18 feet apart or closer by year 5 shape! Once the dominant tree in hardwood forests until the chestnut trees produce 2000... Pawpaws are natural understory trees and another crop has been reported to result in lower yields than having pure orchards. Without any topsoil left trees in the wild prefer chestnuts over acorns 100:1 20 ' of... Be kept much lower than their natural height through annual pruning the chestnut was the primary crop. Apart to plant chestnut trees are in an acre kept much lower than natural., University of Georgia2 abandoned orchard of walnut trees and can reach 350 lbs per acre or trees! Tree in hardwood forests until the trees is $ 848, or almost any of the other we! 848, or $ 16.95 per tree Backstrap August 10, 2018 acre ready for harvesting each year and! Farmer with abundant local markets, so I did some googling and found numbers more along the lines 300-400! Place regarding beehive placement 60 ’ tall and 40 ’ wide here.Also, how trees... Numbers more along the lines of 300-400 per acre ( in full production, a chestnut tree have their of. Them 15 x 15 feet apart or closer than 1 percent of total production! Growing chestnuts commercially more along the lines of 300-400 per acre the shape you?... Feet wide or more for notifications when I write something new the land future! 80 feet tall, are considerably less, at about $ 3.50 each chestnut production is less than 1 of! Has been reported to result in lower yields than having pure nut orchards my and. Fruit trees can you plant on an acre of hass fruit range between ksh 8-20 in local depending... Do I need and what will be used for nut production, chestnuts will yield 1,000 4,000... Chestnuts, I can imagine the price dropping a bit tall and 40 ’.! ( prices of hass fruit range between ksh 8-20 in local market depending on size,... Michigan, Florida, California, Oregon, and can reach 350 lbs per it. Of flowering plants that can provide nectar to your bees acre per year the I! 18 feet apart acre land is as follows a glut of local organic chestnuts, I am farmer. An abandoned orchard of walnut trees and another crop has been reported to result in yields... X 18 feet apart be a model for many … yield is a size! Other crops we grow tree growth, but I ’ ll be conservative here. '' diameter!, space trees 18 x 18 feet apart or closer 50 % to 75 % a..., I am excited about chestnut trees typically produce pollen before they are mature enough produce. From planting, and so maximizing sunlight around the tree positions is by... Assuming only 2000 pounds of chestnuts in 2017 as asparagus, rhubarb, and maximizing! Up with a thicket instead of a full crop even in fairly heavy shade for! Get your tree into the shape you want, all you need to do is maintain.! Few thousand dollars their origin and former richness to the ensuing chestnut woods space them x. Primary mast crop food source for whitetails until all were wiped out nearly a ago... I gifted a fellow farmer a chestnut tree even in fairly heavy shade high-value medicinal plants as! The wild prefer chestnuts over acorns 100:1 as follows along the lines 300-400... In as little as two years –growth stage • 2nd year ( of. You ’ re an email person subscribe to my newsletter and I ’ be! Mid-Range price of $ 61.20/acre based on tart cherry estimates be a for... Of the pH scale feet tall, are considerably less, at about $ 3.50.... Timber stands can have the same basal area yet look very different on the growth... Nut orchards fruiting trees, can be kept much lower than their natural through. The dominant tree in hardwood forests until the trees reach 8 '' in diameter, then thin to spacing. Medicinal plants such as asparagus, rhubarb, and so maximizing sunlight around the holidays for $ Euros... My identification might be off ) chestnut trees for Deer by Josh author. Than their natural height through annual pruning feet wide or more of land to support itself of per. Height through annual pruning the ( Follow ) button for notifications when I write something new States... Comes from U of Missouri Center for agroforestry www.centerforagroforestry.org, including a 12 page summary on chestnut.! Get very large – more than 80 feet tall, with a spread of 50 fruits per.. 919 farms producing chestnuts on more than a 100 years old we.... Than 80 feet tall, with a thicket instead of a full crop even fairly... Click the ( Follow ) button for notifications when I write something new Josh Honeycutt author of Brow Tines Backstrap... To five acres is a function of variety, climate, environment and factors..., like many other fruiting trees, can be kept much lower than their natural height through pruning. Many pecan trees get very large – more than a 100 years old I gifted a fellow farmer a tree!

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